According to one estimate, as many as one third of people living with diabetes mellitus type 2 -adult onset and more common variety of diabetes – are not aware about their own condition. Additionally, most prediabetics -those having borderline blood sugar values – are not aware about their diabetes risks, making them prone to many hazardous effects of this all encompassing disease.
What is type 2 diabetes?
Cells of your body need glucose (energy) for their optimal functioning. Insulin produced by your body (pancreas) helps the glucose to diffuse from circulating blood to different cells of the body. Diabetes mellitus type 2 is a condition in which either there is shortage of insulin, or there is defect in insulin usage by the body. This causes the glucose to get accumulated in the blood instead of being used in different cells, resulting in increased blood sugar level.
What are the warning signs of diabetes mellitus type 2?
- Feeling more thirst
- increased hunger, more so after eating
- Frequently urinating
- Unexplained weight loss, despite hunger and frequent eating
- Fatigue and weakness
- Blurring vision
- Slow healing of cuts and sores
If you have any of these symptoms, you should consult a doctor near you and get your diabetic profile checked. High risk individuals should not wait for these symptoms to appear and have their blood sugar checked intermittently at regular intervals. With appropriate dietary measures and medications (if necessary), one can not only keep diabetic complications at bay, but also lead a healthy and productive life.