Symptoms of Sarcoidosis

 

What is Sarcoidosis?  

Sarcoidosis is a rare chronic multisystem disorder in which inflammatory cells form tiny (too small to see) lumps, called as granuloma. Granuloma forms in different parts of the body like lungs (most common organ affected), skin (second most common), liver, eyes, kidney, etc.

What are the symptoms of Sarcoidosis?

  • Initial stage
      1. fever
    2. enlarged lymph node
    3. weight loss
    4. tiredness
  • Lungs (most common site):
    1. Persistent cough (dry)
    2. Chest pain
    3. Difficulty in breathing
    4. Wheeze
    5. Infiltration or fibrosis on chest X-ray
  • Skin (2nd most common site):
    1. Warm, tender rashes or bumps under skin, usually red to purple in colour
    2. Hyper-pigmentation or hypopigmentation
    3. Bluish-purple swollen lesion on face, cheeks, nose, lips, ear lobules, etc
  • Eyes:
    1. Pain in eyes
    2. Sensitivity to light
    3. Blurring of vision
    4. Red, teary eyes
  • Nervous System (in 5-10%):
    1. One-sided facial paralysis
    2. Headache
    3. Aseptic meningitis
    4. Seizures
    5. Psychosis
    6. Dementia
  • Heart (in less than 5%):
    1. Palpitation
    2. Fainting
    3. Chest pain
    4. Generalised swelling
    5. Arrhythmia
  • Other signs & symptoms:
    1. Kidney stones
    2. Enlarged liver
    3. Joint pain (arthritis)
    4. Hoarse voice
    5. Stuffiness of nose

 

Dr. Mukesh Joshi
Chest Physician