Risk Factors of Diabetes Mellitus Type 2

According to WHO, prevalence of diabetes among adults has risen from less than 5% in 1980 to to 8.5% in 2014, and the rate of increase is more alarming in middle and low income countries.

Diabetes Mellitus type 2, being a gradually progressing disease, is diagnosed late causing many disabling and delimiting complications. Uncontrolled diabetes may lead to complications like blindness, kidney failure, heart attack, stroke, gangrene, etc.

Identification of early diagnosis is important to limit such damage of persistent hyperglycemia (high blood sugar). One should know the warning signs of diabetes so that early diagnosis can be made, followed by appropriate intervention. As many as one-third of people with diabetes are not aware that they have it!

Another important thing is to identify the risk factors that can make you more prone to become a  diabetic in future. With proper awareness and lifestyle modification, you can significantly reduce the risk of diabetes.

What are the risk factors for diabetes mellitus type 2?

  • overweight or obese
  • over 40 years of age
  • genetics – family history of diabetes
  • South Asian, African American or Asian American descent
  • have hypertension (high blood pressure)
  • have high level of cholesterol or triglycerides
  • history of heart attack or stroke
  • woman with gestation diabetes, birth of baby with more than 9 pounds weight
  • woman with PCOD (Polycystic Ovarian Disease)
  • sedentary lifestyle

Being aware of your risk factors and managing your lifestyle accordingly, along with regular routine screening, can go a long way in preventing or delaying the onset of type 2 diabetes. Those who already have diabetes should strictly follow the diabetic diet and medication routine (as prescribed by your doctor) so that complications of diabetes can be avoided or delayed.

So the message here is – eat well, do exercise, be aware, and of course, stay healthy!