Sarcoidosis is a rare chronic multisystem disorder in which inflammatory cells form tiny (too small to see) lumps, called as granuloma. Granuloma forms in different parts of the body like lungs (most common organ affected), skin (second most common), liver, eyes, kidney, etc. Too many jargons! Let’s make it simple. In normal course, it is […]

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Pneumonia is an infection and inflammation of the air cavities of the lungs. It can be caused by a variety of agents like virus, bacteria, fungi or atypical micro organism. The lungs become inflamed, and the tiny air sacs, or alveoli, inside the lungs fill up with fluid. Who is at risk? Pneumonia can affect any […]

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Pneumonia due to pneumococcus is very common among the population. Apart from pneumonia. it also causes meningitis (infection of brain). Here is all you should know about the pneumococcal vaccine. Candidates for vaccines: children < 2 years of age. elderly > 65 years of age. those with weak immune system – heart disease, kidney disease, […]

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Pneumonia is a common chest infection seen in infants, children and adults. It occurs due to infection and inflammation of air cavities of lungs. Common causes of pneumonia and their features are discussed in the following table.                 Feature             Bacterial     […]

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Joint pain is a common problem inflicting people of various ages. Not only older people, but older adults also are increasingly experiencing the problems associated with arthritis, mainly gout. What is Gout? Gout, a common form of arthritis, is caused due to increased levels of uric acid in blood (hyperuricemia) over a period of time. […]

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According to WHO, prevalence of diabetes among adults has risen from less than 5% in 1980 to to 8.5% in 2014, and the rate of increase is more alarming in middle and low income countries. Diabetes Mellitus type 2, being a gradually progressing disease, is diagnosed late causing many disabling and delimiting complications. Uncontrolled diabetes […]

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According to one estimate, as many as one third of people living with diabetes mellitus type 2 -adult onset and more common variety of diabetes –  are not aware about their own condition. Additionally, most prediabetics -those having borderline blood sugar values – are not aware about their diabetes risks, making them prone to many […]

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